Civics Final

Term Definition
13th Amendment Abolished Slavery
14th Amendment Equal Protection of the Law
15th Amendment Right to Vote
19th Amendment Women Have the Right to Vote
22nd Amendment President Has 2 Terms (4 Years Each Term)
25th Amendment Vice Presient Takes Over If President Can't Continue
Caucuses a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.
Checks and Balances Makes sure each branch is in order and not too powerful
Chief Diplomat Keeps U.S. in order with other countries
Chief Executive Makes major corporate decisions
Chief Legislator Shape policy
Chief of State The titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.
City Where Declaration of Independence was Written Philadelphia
Closed Primary Type of direct primary limited to registered party members
Commander in Chief In charge of Military
Date of the Declaration of Independence July 4th, 1776
Democracy Type of Government (Left Side/Donkey/Blue)
Republican Type of Government (Right Side/Elephant/Red)
Disqualifications for Voting Bad felonies such as murder, sexual offenses, or crimes having to do with bribery
Elastic Clause Granting Congress power to pass all laws necessary
Electoral College Indirect election of the President and Vice President of the U.S.
Executive Branch Powers Veto/Reject a proposal for a law, appoint federal posts, and negotiate foreign treaties
Federal Supreme Court Highest body in Judicial Branch
Federalism Mixed mode of government, combining general government with regional governments
General Assembly Each member nation is represented and has 1 vote
Governor roles/powers Signing/veto bills, serving as commander-in-chief, and convening special sessions
Impeachment Action of calling into question the inegrity of validity of something
Interest Groups An organized group that tries to influence the government to adopt certain policies or measures. Also called pressure group.
Judicial Branch Powers Judicial Review
Judicial Review A procedure by which a court can review an administrative action by a public body and secure a declaration, order, or award.
Laws for Voting 15th, 19th, 24th, and 26th Amendments. Civil Rights Act, Voting Rights Act of 1965, UOCAVA, NVRA, HAVA, MOVE, and Voting I.D.
Legislative Branch Powers Passing laws, originating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).
Limited Government Confined within limits; restricted or circumscribed
Line of Succession Tells which people are in line incase something happens to the President
Magistrate A civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
Mayors and Councils Of, relating to, or constituting a method of municipal government in which policy-making and administrative powers are vested in a usually elective mayor and council
Naturalization The legal act or process by which a non-citizen in a country may acquire citizenship or nationality of that country
New Jersey Plan A proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787
Original Jurisdiction The power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision
Pa. Supreme Court The highest court in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Party Symbols Donkey – DemocraticElephant – Republican
Political Spectrum A system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions
Polling Place Where voters cast their ballots in elections
Powers of Congress Authority over financial and budgetary matters, through the enumerated power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States
Powers of Local Government Police, zoning, roads, schools, promote local trade/business, set ordinances & curfews, create recreation and county parks, and assess property for tax purposes
President of the Senate Vice President
President Qualifications Natural born citizen, 35 years of age, 14 year resident of u.s.
Primaries An election that narrows the field of candidates before a general election for office
Purpose of the Article of Confederation Served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain
Purpose of the Constitution creates a national government consisting of a legislative, an executive, and a judicial branch and it divides power between the federal government and the states
Purpose of the Declaration of Independence To explain to foreign nations why the colonies had chosen to separate themselves from Great Britain
Purpose of the Legislative Branch Make new laws or change existing laws
Ratification of the Constitution The approval from the legislative branch required to validate government agreements
Representative Democracy A type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Rights of Accused Right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed (6th Amendment)
Separation of Powers Political doctrine of constitutional law under which the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) are kept separate to prevent abuse of power
Speaker of the House Speaks for the house, 3rd in line of succession, Paul Ryan
State of the Union An annual speech presented by the President of the United States to a joint session of the United States Congress, except in the first year of a new president's term
Supremacy Clause Establishes that the Constitution, federal laws made pursuant to it, and treaties made under its authority, constitute the supreme law of the land
Voter Motor Act Sets forth certain voter registration requirements with respect to elections for federal office
Voting Regulations A citizen, 18 years old, no bad felonies, not under supervision
Ways to Lose Citizenship Applying for and obtaining naturalization in a foreign country, making an oath of allegiance to a foreign country, serving in the military of a foreign country
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation Too weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power. The Continental Congress had borrowed money to fight the Revolutionary War and could not repay their debts.
What the Articles of Confederation did Established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.
Writer of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson

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