civics final

Term Definition
13th Amendment Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
14th Amendment All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof.
15th Amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
19th Amendment The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
22nd Amendment No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice.
25th Amendment Succession of Presidents
Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments
Caucuses a meeting at which local members of a political party register their preference among candidates running for office or select delegates to attend a convention.
Checks and Balences counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Chief Dipolmat The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments. With the help of advisors, the president makes the foreign policy of the United States.
Chief Executive A chief executive officer (CEO) is the highest-ranking executive in a company, and their primary responsibilities
Chief Legislator s the Chief Legislator, the president has many duties. … When Congress does pass bills, the president reviews each bill and decides whether to sign it into law or veto it.
Chief of State The titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.
Where was the Declaration written Philadelphia
Closed Primary A type of direct primary limited to registered party members, who must declare their party affiliation in order to vote.
Commander in Chief a head of state or officer in supreme command of a country's armed forces.
Date of Declaration April 30th
Democracy a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Disqualifications for Voting felons are eligible to vote if certain requirements are met: fines and sentence completed at least five years prior to application date
Elastic Clause a statement in the U.S. Constitution
Electoral College (in the US) a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
Executive Branch Powers The branch of federal and state government that is broadly responsible for implementing, supporting, and enforcing the laws made by the legislative branch and interpreted by the judicial branch.
Federal Supreme Court A federal court; the highest body in the judicial branch.
Federalism the federal principle or system of government.
General Assembly General Assembly Abbr. GA The principal deliberative body of the United Nations, in which each member nation is represented and has one vote.
Governor Roles Duties, Requirements & Powers
How a Bill Becomes a Law If enough Members object to the presidential veto, a vote is taken to override, or overrule the veto. A two-thirds vote or greater is needed in both the House and the Senate to override the President's veto.
Impeachment the action of calling into question the integrity or validity of something.
Interest Groups a group of people that seeks to influence public policy on the basis of a particular common interest or concern.
Judicial Branch Powers The judicial branch is one of three branches of the federal government. The judicial branch includes criminal and civil courts and helps interpret the United States Constitution.
Judicial Review review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
Laws for Voting law passed at the time of the civil rights movement. It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people.
Legislative Branch Powers Whenever you read about congresspeople in the Senate or House debating a law, you're reading about the legislative branch
Limited Government Government. restricted with reference to governing powers by limitations prescribed in laws and in a constitution, as in limited monarchy; limited government.
Line of Succession President of the United States if the incumbent President becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, or is removed from office (by impeachment by the House of Representatives and subsequent conviction by the Senate).
Magistrate a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.
Mayors and Councils of, relating to, or constituting a method of municipal government in which policy-making and administrative powers are vested in a usually elective mayor and council
Naturalization the admittance of a foreigner to the citizenship of a country.
New Jersey Plan The New Jersey Plan (also known as the Small State Plan or the Paterson Plan) was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.
Original Jurisdiction The original jurisdiction of a court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a higher court has the power to review a lower court's decision.
Pa. Supreme Court The Pennsylvania Supreme Court consists of seven justices, each elected to ten year terms. Supreme Court
Party Symbols An electoral symbol is a standardised symbol allocated to a political party. Symbols are used by parties in their campaigning, and printed on ballot papers where a voter must make a mark to vote for the associated party.
Political Spectrum Image result for Political Spectrum Definitionen.wikipedia.orgA political spectrum is a system of classifying different political positions upon one or more geometric axes that symbolize independent political dimensions.
Polling Place a building where voting takes place during an election, typically one that normally has another function, such as a school.
Populations Role in Congress The members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms representing the people of a single constituency, known as a "district".
Powers of Congress Powers of the United States Congress are implemented by the United States Constitution, defined by rulings of the Supreme Court,
Powers of Local Government A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. …
President of the Senate a senator, usually a senior member of the majority party, who is chosen to preside over the Senate in the absence of the vice president. Examples from the Web for president pro temp ore.
President Qualifications No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President;
Presidential Powers There are three categories of presidential power: Constitutional powers: powers explicitly granted by the Constitution.
Primaries a preliminary election to appoint delegates to a party conference or to select the candidates for a principal, especially presidential, election.
Purpose of the Articles An article is a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, place, object, or idea
Purpose of the Constitution A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
Purpose of the Declaration A declaration is often used in order to access functions or variables defined in different source files, or in a library.
Purpose of the Legislative Branch The legislative branch is the part of the United States government that creates laws.
Ratification of the Constitution The approval from the legislative branch required to validate government agreements.
Representative Democrasy Representative democracy (also indirect democracy, representative republic or psephocracy) is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Rights of Accused During the second half of the 20th century this right was extended to cover the time when a person is arrested until final appeal.
Rights of Legal Immigrants A legal permanent resident can travel outside of the United States and has a right of return to the United States within a specified amount of time. … Legal permanent residents can be deported for cause as defined under immigration law.
Separation of Powers an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Speaker of the House Speaker of the House definition. The presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. The Speaker, a member of the House, is elected by a majority party caucus.
State of the Union a yearly address delivered each January by the president of the US to Congress, giving the administration's view of the state of the nation and plans for legislation.
Supremacy Clause Supremacy Clause – Legal Definition. n. The clause in United States Constitution's Article VI, stating that all laws made furthering the Constitution and all treaties made under the authority of the United States are the “supreme law of the land.”
Preamble of the Constitution The Preamble to the United States Constitution is a brief introductory statement of the Constitution's fundamental purposes and guiding principles.
Voter Motor Act Congress enacted the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (also known as the "NVRA" and the "Motor Voter Act"), to enhance voting opportunities for every American.
Voting Regulations Voting Rights Act of 1965 definition. … It eliminated various devices, such as literacy tests, that had traditionally been used to restrict voting by black people. It authorized the enrollment of voters
Ways to Lose Citizenship A citizen of the United States loses U.S. citizenship by becoming a citizen of a foreign country unless a special exception is made by the State Department. A person can also lose U.S.
Weakness in the Articles The federal government, under the Articles, was too weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power. The Continental Congress had borrowed money to fight the Revolutionary War and could not repay their debts.
What did the Articles do
Writer of the Declaration

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